Common errors cut across the use of punctuation marks, numbers, formatting and spelling, grammar and style. This article will draw our attention to them so that we can avoid repeating them in our formal writings. Here are some common errors to avoid in punctuation.
In quotation, comma (,) and full stop (.) come before the closing quotation mark (”), while other punctuation marks come after.
But when citing from a text, the punctuation comes after the parenthetical page reference as in:
The title is “The Tough Guy” (11).
It is used to introduce a quotation or statement that is grammatically independent of a clause.
- When you quote a specific page, always cite the page number from your source.
- Use illustrative quotations frequently. Be wary of generalizing without specific support from the text.
- Use block quotation for passages that would take up at least, three lines of the original text. Note that in block quotation, the punctuation comes before the page reference.
Eg: “…The Tough Guy” (11)
- In quoting a quotation from itself, first, use double quotation marks before the single quotation marks are used.
- Use Square Brackets (and not parenthesis) to indicate where you have changed the original text of a source.
- Don’t use quotation marks in emphasizing a point or express an apology. You can either rephrase or italicize it.
- Cite your reference with detailed specificity: This is necessary for an easy location of the source.
To be continued from here.